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Thursday, December 3, 2020 | History

3 edition of Legal and administrative obstacles to extracting other minerals from oil shale found in the catalog.

Legal and administrative obstacles to extracting other minerals from oil shale

United States. General Accounting Office

Legal and administrative obstacles to extracting other minerals from oil shale

report to the Congress

by United States. General Accounting Office

  • 333 Want to read
  • 19 Currently reading

Published by General Accounting Office in Washington .
Written in English

    Subjects:
  • Oil-shales -- United States.,
  • Mining law -- United States.

  • Edition Notes

    Statementby the Comptroller General of the United States.
    The Physical Object
    Paginationv, 33 p. :
    Number of Pages33
    ID Numbers
    Open LibraryOL17819604M

    Marcellus Shale Leases Shale Gas Rights Ohio Mineral Rights Selling your Shale Rights Oil & Gas Easements. Protect Your Mineral Rights. As this area of law evolving daily, it is essential that landowners consult with competent counsel prior to entering into any agreement involving mineral rights, shale, oil, or gas. Oil Shale is a quarterly peer-reviewed scientific journal covering research in petrology, especially concerning oil journal covers geology, mining, formation, composition, methods of processing, combustion, economics, and environmental protection related to oil by: Meelika Nõmme.


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Legal and administrative obstacles to extracting other minerals from oil shale by United States. General Accounting Office Download PDF EPUB FB2

Get this from a library. Legal and administrative obstacles to extracting other minerals from oil shale: report to the Congress. [United States. General Accounting Office.]. Get this from a library. Legal and administrative obstacles to extracting other minerals from oil shale: report to the Congress.

[United States. General Accounting Office.] -- Federal mineral leasing laws and resultant administrative procedures frustrate multiple extraction of intermingled minerals on public lands. These valuable minerals can be acquired under one of two. Oil Gas and Minerals Law and Legal Definition The right to mine a parcel of property can be separated from the ownership and other uses and control of that property.

Mineral rights allow its owner to control the mining of a parcel of property for coal, gems, copper and other minerals. Shale oil extraction is usually performed above ground (ex situ processing) by mining the oil shale and then treating it in processing modern technologies perform the processing underground (on-site or in situ processing) by applying heat and extracting the oil via oil wells.

The earliest description of the process dates to the 10th ock: Oil shale. Conveyances of minerals in Texas usually describe the interest conveyed or reserved as an interest in “oil, gas or other minerals.” Texas courts have struggled mightily to try to discern what the parties meant by the term “other minerals.”.

The oil shale industry is an industry of mining and processing of oil shale—a fine-grained sedimentary rock, containing significant amounts of kerogen (a solid mixture of organic chemical compounds), from which liquid hydrocarbons can be manufactured.

The industry has developed in Brazil, China, Estonia and to some extent in Germany and Russia. Several other countries are. Not later than days after publication of the final regulation required by subsection (d), the Secretary shall consult with the Governors of States with significant oil shale and tar sands resources on public lands, representatives of local governments in such States, interested Indian tribes, and other interested persons, to determine the level of support and interest in the.

Other pre oil shale mining claims remain. It is not in the public interest to subject the claimants to continuing uncertainty and the considerable expense of litigation. Other things equal, extracting oil from shale becomes economically viable (as or less costly than using conventionally extracted oil) when oil prices reach _____ or more per barrel.

$ B. $ C. $ D. $ The process of extracting liquid crude oil from the ground is comparatively simple to extracting oil shale. Pressure from gases trapped in the chamber where oil is present force the crude oil to the surface.

After this pressure is alleviated, the more difficult. Combined Utilization of Oil Shale Energy and Oil Shale Minerals within the Production of Cement In Dotternhausen, the place of Rohrbach Zement’s oil shale operation, the oil shale deposit has a thickness of 9 meters.

It is flatly layered, tectonically rather undisturbed and covered by only 1 or 2 meters of waste. Mineral Rights: A landowner's right to receive a portion of the profits of any minerals that are extracted from the land.

Mineral rights apply to all types of resources, such as oil and gas, ores Author: Jason Fernando. A world authority on extracting shale oil, Vinegar has been active in the field sinceimproving the technology, pioneering conversion and extraction processes for shale.

Role of Minerals Management Service in the U.S. Department of the Interior's Prototype Oil Shale Leasing Program Paperback – January 1, Author: Minerals Management Service.

Shale is a sedimentary rock composed of very fine clay particles. Clay forms from the decomposition of the mineral feldspar.

Other minerals present in shale are quartz, mica, pyrite, and organic matter. Shale forms in very deep ocean water, lagoons, lakes and swamps where the water is still enough to allow the extremely fine clay and silt. Transferring Mineral Rights by Tenant in Common. My two brothers and myself and own a fraction of the oil, gas, mineral rights to an old family farm, the rest being held by cousins and an uncle as tenants-in-common.

Oil, Gas, and Mineral Titles: Resolving Perennial Problems in the Shale Era Laura H. Burney* “Long before the full frenzy of the boom, you could see its harbingers at the Mountrail County courthouse and now it was the hour of the ‘landmen,’ the men and womenAuthor: Laura H.

Burney. Solid, waxy mixture of hydrocarbons found in oil shale rock. Heating the rock to high temperatures causes the kerogen to vaporize. The vapor is condensed, purified, and then sent to a refinery to produce gasoline, heating oil, and other products. See also oil shale, shale oil.

Summarizing the utilization of oil shale in this process one can say that oil shale supplies 20 % of the fuel heat and 10 % of the mineral raw material to clinker production in the rotary kiln.

The major part of the mined oil shale, more than 80 %, is burnt in fluidized-bed units. Shale, like all sedimentary rocks, forms as a result of the compaction and cementation of materials that have weathered and eroded off of other, pre.

Oil shale - Oil shale - Environmental issues: The production of oil from shales has a potentially serious impact on the environment. Four specific areas of concern dominate discussion regarding development of the resource: greenhouse gas output, water consumption and pollution, surface disturbance, and socioeconomic effects.

Because oil and gas are produced by heating oil. a detailed discussion of oil shale retorting technology.] Hou L. Shale Oil Industry In China, pp. Beijing: The Hydrocarbon Processing Press. [This is a systematic presentation of the production and development of the oil shale industry in China.] Weiss H.-J.

Ullmann’s Encyclopedia of Industrial Chemistry A18, – File Size: KB. Shale is a tightly packed sedimentary rock. The shale is very porous, but it is not very permeable.

This allows the shale to hold a lot of oil/natural gas but makes it difficult to remove those energy sources. Recent technologies have made it possible to extract the oil and natural gas trapped in deep shale formations. Sult v. Hochstetter Oil Co., 63 W.() (“Legally and scientifically, oil and gas are universally held to be minerals.”)].

But we think it is more likely that the Pennsylvania Supreme Court will avoid an overly broad decision that could create confusion within the Pennsylvania oil and gas industry that has relied upon the. Compaction Model for Hydrocarbon Generation in Shale.

the source rock in “shale oil plays” (while still in the oil window) is Extracting the shale: Excessive temperature and solvents will extract the kerogen and generate false porosity leading to over evaluation. Warning: It can generate oil where the oil doesFile Size: 1MB. Oil shale is a fine grained sedimentary rock formed from the compaction and heating of organic rich sediments and containing significant amounts of kerogen.

Its name is, in fact, a bit misleading, as the rock itself is not necessarily shale, and the organic matter it contains is not oil. Shale oil – February 1 Executive summary • Shale oil (light tight oil) is rapidly emerging as a significant and relatively low cost new unconventional resource in the US.

There is potential for shale oil production to spread globally over the next couple of decades. If it does, it would revolutionise global energy. Exceptions and reservations with regard to deeds is something that sets forth a limitation on the right granted by a deed.

Reservation regarding oil and gas rights made in an instrument may have to be construed taking into consideration the circumstances of the. These and other environmental and health concerns, combined with supply estimate downgrades call into question the viability of shale gas as a 'bridge' fuel from oil and gas to renewables.

If new studies continue to erode the luster of unconventional gas resources, it may become necessary for the United States to draw up plans for a new bridge. Shale Gas: A Practitioner’s Guide to Shale Gas and Other Unconventional Resources offers an outstanding overview of the regulatory standards, legal disputes and challenges facing the shale gas industry.

It is a thoughtful primer on today’s global gas markets and the legal and political determinants, which likely will drive them tomorrow. Defining the prospective area for each shale gas and shale oil formation.

Estimating the risked shale gas and shale oil in-place. Calculating the technically recoverable shale gas and shale oil resource. Each of these five shale gas and shale oil resource assessment steps is further discussed below. Physical and Thermodynamic Properties of Kukersite Pyrolysis Shale Oil: Literature Review barrels of oil [1].

Thus, oil shale resources contain approximately three times more oil than conventional petroleum reserves (conventional oil reserves contain about trillion barrels) [2]. The technologies for obtaining oil from. Oil would go below the all in costs of shale production, those costs including the up front capital, but that in itself would stop new wells and thus curb production fairly rapidly.

The shale revolution is far from confined to the US, however, with countries as far afield as China, Argentina and Russia also playing host to huge reserves of shale oil and gas.

If these countries proceed to take up fracking in much the same way as the US has done, an overdependence on Middle Eastern reserves will diminish and global prices. Western oil shale areas are much smaller (o square miles) but the deposits are very thick and unusually rich.

A “rich” oil shale is one that yields more than twenty-five gallons of crude shale oil per ton of rock. Some oil shale from Colorado has yielded nearly one hundred gallons per ton.

The United States contains roughlyFile Size: KB. 1. Can be found easy. But extraction is difficult & costly. It is an alternative fuel (indirectly), yet similar to normal crude oil 2.

Oil shale industry is about mining & processing of fine grained sedimentary rock containing significant amounts. Even big oil companies say solar and wind will be the energy of the future. But while we wait, the energy of the present is being transformed — for better and for worse — by technologies that.

Cancer in Humans. Most of the literature addressing the carcinogenicity of shale oils dates back to the early part of the 20 th century, with compelling evidence from case series of skin cancer, particularly of the scrotum, in the United Kingdom.

These case series are substantial in scale, including 65 cases of scrotal cancer that occurred in the period –21 in the Scottish. Oil shale is not a silver bullet, and it will not delay the imminent peak of world oil production.

It will not reduce global oil prices. It will do little to enhance US energy security. Byoil shale might yieldbarrels a day, but that remains uncertain.

Finally, we. Identifying contact angles in porous media is essential for characterizing multiphase flow of fluids in reservoirs. Traditional methods to measure contact angles assume a homogenous structure of reservoir rock; however, microscale pictures by Scanning Electron Microscopes (SEM) show that rock composition varies even inside a single pore.

In addition, the preferentiality of oil layer Author: Andrew Fakhry, Todd Hoffman. To extract and refine shale oil, an oil company will use one-third to one-fourth of the energy it gains from extracting oil on the actual process.

Between and when Colorado shale oil drilling reaches capacity, the industry itself will need more than 14 times the amount of energy to operate than was produced in Colorado’s largest.COAL, OIL SHALE, NATURAL BITUMEN, HEAVY OIL AND PEAT – Vol. II - Mining of Oil Shale - Ingo Valgma and Jialin L. Qian ©Encyclopedia of Life Support Systems (EOLSS) About 85% of oil shale mined is used for burning in oil shale power stations; 12% for retorting for obtaining shale oil; about 3% for cement factories.

The oil and gas industry has come under fire recently over the environmental impact of some of its extraction techniques for unconventional oil – such as shale gas and oil sands – but there are a number of alternatives out there.

Oil sands in particular have presented difficulties for the industry as a large amount of water – up to four gallons – needs to be used .